What is horticulture ?

Horticulture is the art and science of the cultivation of plants.ie; it is a process by which a plot of soil is prepared for the planting of seeds, tubers, or cuttings.Horticulture includes the development of plants for improved performance in the environment.

Horticulturists work and conduct research in the fields of plant propagation and cultivation, crop production, plant breeding and genetic engineering, plant biochemistry, and plant physiology. The work particularly involves fruits, berries, nuts, vegetables, flowers, trees, shrubs, and turf. Horticulturalists work to improve crop yield, quality, nutritional value, and resistance to insects, diseases, and environmental stresses.


Some areas of horticulture include:

  • Landscaping

  • Gardening

  • Growing crops for food, fiber, and fuel

  • Horticultural Therapy- using horticultural methods to treat patients

  • Arboriculture- the care of trees